Category Archives: Russia


The Hebrew term ‘rosh’ in Ezekiel is not a proper name. Instead, it is the common noun with the meaning “head.”

Certain interpretations claim the Hebrew word ‘rosh’ in Ezekiel chapter 38 refers to the nation of Rus, the name of the medieval kingdom of Kievan Rus. From this, it is argued that, in the prophecy, Rus refers to modern Russia. Against this view is the fact that in the Hebrew Bible ‘rosh’ consistently means “head,” including in Ezekiel.

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