Category Archives: Gog & Magog


The Hebrew term ‘rosh’ in Ezekiel is not a proper name. Instead, it is the common noun with the meaning “head.”

Certain interpretations claim the Hebrew word ‘rosh’ in Ezekiel chapter 38 refers to the nation of Rus, the name of the medieval kingdom of Kievan Rus. From this, it is argued that, in the prophecy, Rus refers to modern Russia. Against this view is the fact that in the Hebrew Bible ‘rosh’ consistently means “head,” including in Ezekiel.

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The several “battle” scenes in Revelation all present the same final assault by Satan against the saints of the Lamb.

We tend to assume the visions of Revelation are presented in strict chronological sequence, an assumption that creates difficulties when we attempt to interpret the several battle scenes depicted in chapters 11, 12, 13, 16, 19, and 20. Do they portray different “final battles” that occur at different points in time, or is the same final battle presented from different aspects?



Revelation identifies “Gog and Magog” as the nations from the “four corners of the Earth” that attack the “saints” Revelation 20:7-10.

The prophet Ezekiel received a vision of an invading army composed of regional nations that would attack Israel from the north, spearheaded by “Gog of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal” – (KJV). But before destroying Israel, “Gog” and his forces would be destroyed by Yahweh “on the mountains of Israel.”

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Satan is released for a “short season” to launch his attack on the saints, but he is the one destroyed Revelation 20:7-10.

The time has come for Satan’s final demise. The book’s second literary division introduced the enemies of the “Lamb” – The “Dragon,” Beast,” “False Prophet,” and “Babylon.” In the third division, their destruction occurs in reverse order – “Babylon,” “Beast” and “False Prophet” together, and finally, the “Dragon.”

Continue reading SATAN’S END


The “Kings of the East” are identical to the “Kings of the Earth” that are allied with the “Beast from the Sea” Revelation 16:12-19.

The “sixth bowl of wrath” presents us with an image of an army led by the “kings from the east” crossing the Euphrates River. The picture is derived from prophecies of the overthrow of Babylon by the “Medes and Persians.” Now, God is about to use a “pagan” force to destroy “Babylon,” only this time the attack is against end-time “Babylon.”

Continue reading KINGS OF THE EAST